Showing posts with label affordable organic fertilizers. Show all posts
Showing posts with label affordable organic fertilizers. Show all posts

Wednesday, 3 February 2016

Safe Organic Fertilizers at AFFORDABLE COST

You might have read about the Free Organic fertilizers in my previous post , You might be following few even before I post and few you might have started now. Today I want to share few info on few organic fertilizers that you can get it at much cheaper cost than inorganic fertilizers.

Even in these fertilizers I use very few and I am still looking out for others. Will share my experience on their usage if I have . Please share even your experience in the comment section so that it could be used as a reference



Cow Dung:
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We are in a state to buy even cow dung in fancy packets nowadays and that is the reason I add this as my first safe organic fertilizer at affordable cost. With all loaded nutrient as well as pathogens this fertilizers is enough for any beginners to start with. 

One small instruction: Dry them in shade before you use them as they are loaded with other harmful pathogens which may transmit disease to your plants too.


Do I Use??
When I started my terrace garden, the first fertilizer which I purchased was "Cow Dung". I got at the rate of 60 rs for one rice sac of this fertilizer.
This is the most traditional way that many of us would follow


Sheep Manure:
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My father used to collect sheep manure(ஆட்டு புழுக்கை) for our rose plants in our garden during my childhood days. We used to buy them for 20 rs a sac and now it may be even more expensive in a metro like Chennai. 

But still i list them as one of the safest organic fertilizer that you could buy at affordable rate

This manure seems to have their N-P-K ratio as 0.7-0.3-0.9 .
Sheep Manure has the least amount of Nitrogen when compared with all other animal and poultry manure. This makes sure that your plants are not burned.


Those round ball type manure is of less odor and hence recommended by many garden enthusiasts as Mulch.

COST:
~60 rs per sac 

Do I Use??
I get a mix of cow dung and sheep manure from my milk vendor for my flowering plants.




Chicken Manure:
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With high nitrogen content, chicken manure is one of the best source of organic fertilizer for your vegetable garden. It has N-P-K in 1.1-0.8-0.5 ration and their high nitrogen content may some time burn your plants if not used properly.
So when you buy them make sure that they are decomposed properly as it takes around 6 to 9 months to decompose. 

Do I Use??
No , I don't use chicken manure but instead uses my love birds poop bed into my compost bin and later add to my plants



Vermi Compost:
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This black gold came into lime light only after facing many problem with my traditional potting mix of sand and cow dung. Later it became my main potting mix ingredient. Loaded with lot of nutrients for my plants , they get monthly dose of vermi compost.
Micro and macro nutrient in vermi compost which you buy generally depends upon the composting material that was digested by your worms.

COST:
~15 rs per kg

Do I Use??
YES, I am adding to my potting mix in the ration of 5:10(coco-peat :vermi compost)


Bone Meal:
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Who said plants are vegetarian? They love non-veg too...
Give them a boost of bone meal while making your potting mix to make sure you supply them with good nutrient.What is so special about them

  • Steamed Bone Meal (3-15-0 ) Made from ground cattle bones.
  • P in bone meal is highly plant-available. 
  • Great mixed into the planting hole with bulbs. 
  • Good amendment for allium family plants (onions, garlic). 
NOTE:
  • May attract raccoon.
  • P in bone meal not released in alkaline (pH greater than 7) soils. 
  • The phosphorous in bone meal takes a few months to become available to plants via microbial processes in the soil.
COST:
~40 rs per kg

Do I Use??
Yes, I am adding them into my potting mix along with other materials(1 kg for a 5 kg block coco peat)


Fish Meal:
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Fish meal can be defined as a solid product obtained by removing most of the water and some or all of the oil from fish or fish waste. Good Source of Nitrogen with NPK of 9-4-1.Make sure you add them while preparing your potting mix. 

COST:
~30 rs per kg

Do I Use??
YES. To my experience adding them to your initial potting mix gives correct dosage of nutrients at the right time(flowering & fruiting stage). They are not like artificial fertilizers which releases nutrients immediately. They take time to decompose and nutrients are released slowly. 



Neem Cake:
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I used to watch Door Dharshan advertisement in my childhood days

"வெம்பு தடவிய யுரீயாவை இலைகள் மீது தெளிக்கவும்" meaning don't forget to use urea coated with neem over the leaves. In this they never used to say that spray urea in your soil .So what is good about this neem cake

  •  100% natural NPK
  •  prolongs the availability of nitrogen to both short duration and long  duration crops
  •  protects plant roots from nematodes, soil grubs and white ants
  •  Reduce alkalinity in soil
  •  In TOMATO: Controls Tomato Seedling Nematodes
COST:
~ 60 rs per kg(worth a gold now)

Do I Use??
Yes. I use them while preparing my regular potting mix


Pongamia Cake:
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புங்கை - With found this tree to come under Fabaceae family in plant kingdom in turn tells me clearly that they fix nitrogen and hence supplies more Nitrogen to our plants.The pongamia cake manure are very good to use as organic fertilizers as they are a rich source of NPK : 4:0.5:0.5 , which improves soil fertility. The press cake when applied to the soil, also has a pesticide value, particularly against nematodes, and others similar diseases. As a natural fertilizer, it can be mixed with neem cake pellets to give a better result.

Cost:
~45 rs per kg

Do I Use??
I use them with my neem cake and use them while preparing my potting mix.



Peanut Cake:
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With the N-P-K ration of 7.5 - 1.5 - 1.3 can be combined effectively with other fertilizers for boosting your soil nutrition. Peanut oil cakes are scented and insect seductive, which easily gives rise to leaf aphids
It  should be combined with other pesticides that taste bad for your ants and insects.This preparation is given clearly in the file section of "Grow your veggies" Group in FB. 

Do I Use??
Since I couldnt get fresh cow dung, I am using them with neem cake for my plants


Cotton Seed Cake:
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பருத்தி கோட்டை புன்னாக்கு
Cottonseed meal is a high-nitrogen fertilizer with an average N-P-K ratio of 6-0.4-1.5. 
It takes several months to be processed by soil microbes and broken down so that it can release the nutrients it contains. 
Organic farmers should seek out organic cottonseed meal because cotton is often a genetically modified crop and many pesticides are used during its growth

Do I Use??
NO,Still hunting for it. Please leave your comments if you could get to know the best place to purchase them


Epsom Salt:
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When I started growing roses in my garden and seeking for expert advice the very first suggestion was "USE EPSOM SALT".

Now, What is this EPSOM SALT? It  consist of 
Magnesium — critical for seed germination and chlorophyll production Sulfur — key for protein production and plant growth
Hence the name Magnesium sulfate.

While looking for its usage, got one wonderful link that list out all usage of Epsom salt. Click here to know more on their usage
Cost:
8 rs per 10 g sachet 

Do I Use??
I tried once and burnt my rose plants . So be careful while using this.  Combine 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts to 1 gallon(3 liters)  of water. Spray foliage with the solution for best results.

Sea Weed Fertilizer:
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This is more techy for me to do research about this fertilizer over internet. But still I am including here since many organic gardeners are taking this into account while treating their garden with organic products. What I got to know is 

  • they condition the soil.
  • contains less source of N and P but lot of micro-nutrient.
  • Better frost tolerance, increased seed germination, and greater capacity to absorb trace elements were other documented benefits for plants

Cost:
I got for 70 rs one kg packet from horticulture society in cathedral road Chennai .

Do I Use??
Not a regular user. Tried once , but couldnt afford to pay so much . Now sticking with my default fertilizers


Here I am finishing my post with all these fertilizers which I have used so far. These are my very personal usage report and the data are directly researched through online portals. 

If you find some info to be wrong or if any info need to be added , please leave me a message. This could help lot of other gardeners who are in confusion of what to buy and what not to buy.


External References:
Benefits_of_sheep_manure
Epsom Salt Uses
Epsom Salt 10 uses
Organic Manure